Drug screening and Toxicity testing
Drug screening is the process of identifying and optimizing the potential drugs before the selection of a final drug and processing it into clinical trials. It also involves the screening of large number of chemicals through high throughput screening assays for a particular biological activity. Toxicity testing is a process of safety assessment which is conducted to identify the extent to which a substance can damage a living or a non-living thing. These tests play a key role in various sectors like pharmaceutical industry, biotechnology companies and contract research organizations.